Creating Scientific Concepts (MIT Press) - download pdf or read online

By Nancy J Nersessian

ISBN-10: 0262515075

ISBN-13: 9780262515078

How do novel clinical innovations come up? In Creating medical Concepts, Nancy Nersessian seeks to respond to this critical yet nearly unasked query within the challenge of conceptual swap. She argues that the preferred picture of novel recommendations and profound perception bursting forth in a stunning flash of concept is improper. in its place, novel innovations are proven to come up out of the interaction of 3 components: an try to remedy particular difficulties; using conceptual, analytical, and fabric assets supplied via the cognitive-social-cultural context of the matter; and dynamic tactics of reasoning that reach traditional cognition. concentrating on the 3rd issue, Nersessian attracts on cognitive technology examine and ancient bills of clinical practices to teach how clinical and traditional cognition lie on a continuum, and the way problem-solving practices in a single remove darkness from practices within the different. Her investigations of medical practices exhibit conceptual switch as deriving from using analogies, imagistic representations, and idea experiments, built-in with experimental investigations and mathematical analyses. She offers a view of built types as hybrid items, serving as intermediaries among ambitions and analogical assets in bootstrapping tactics. Extending those effects, she argues that those advanced cognitive operations and constructions aren't mere aids to discovery, yet that jointly they represent a strong kind of reasoning -- model-based reasoning -- that generates novelty. This new method of psychological modeling and analogy, including Nersessian's cognitive-historical technique, make Creating clinical Concepts both precious to cognitive technological know-how and philosophy of science.

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Creating Scientific Concepts (MIT Press) by Nancy J Nersessian

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